MORAL RESPONSIBILITY: FIRST ENCOUNTERS
Reading Questions: (these are questions we will be discussing in class. Think about these as you read).
1. What value systems can be seen in indigenous writings?
2. What value systems can be seen in Western European writings?
3. How do Western Europeans view indigenous people?
4. How do indigenous people view Western Europeans?
5. What are the consequences of these first encounters?
6. How do Western Europeans justify the genocide of native cultures?
7. What history is written by winners?
8. What value systems are present in these stories?
9. What are the short/long term effects of cultural dominance?
10. How do these groups misrecognize the differences between their cultures?
11. What are the effects of Native American stereotypes in modern society?
12. How do these stereotypes-such as those seen in Native American mascots-benefit the dominant culture?
13. How does the binary of light/ darkness, wilderness/ civilization, God/Devil, and good/ evil structure early American ideology?
14. How do individuals struggle with the pressures to conform within American society (i.e. in Puritan society, in the struggle to preserve Native American culture)?
Richard Erdoes and Alfonso Ortiz--American Indian Myths and Legends
Henry David Thoreau--Walden ("Where I Lived, and What I Lived For," "Conclusion")
Black Elk--Black Elk Speaks (Chapters 3, 11, 12, 18, 25)
Hawthorne-- “The Minister’s Black Veil”
Jonathan Edwards--“Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”
Pauline Johnson--“A Red Girl’s Reasoning”
Excerpts from: 500 Nations
Expected Types of Assessment:
• Document Mapping
• Graphic organizers
• Argument of fact
• Multi-draft essays
• On demand essays
Example Writing Prompts (Your test may be an on-demand essay. If so, one of these will be the test prompt.)
1) Compare and contrast the Native American cultural view of love and lust with that of the European immigrant culture. How are the basic value systems of these two cultures reflected in their attitudes toward love and sexual expression?
2) How might a Puritan respond to the Trickster character in Native American literature?
3) What values are expressed in the works we studied and how might the value systems of the Native American culture and the European culture clash?
Read the text assigned to you below and do the following:
As a group, do the Fab Four exercise for each paragraph or section of the text:
- Read the section, circling vocabulary words.
- Reread the section, noting questions (Q), ideas (I), and connections (C). Put these notes on paper.
- Individually, find 4 IMPORTANT words in the section
- As a group, choose 4 important words from the section. This will require discussion.
- Take the 4 words your group chose and incorporate them into a sentence that summarizes the section.